A city is an elaborate system which covers several needs of a large group of people. Any smart city must be planned from the scratch by assistance from various professionals like sociologists, lawyers, geographers, and specialists in public health. The governing body has to combine several infrastructural forces into planning the layout of the city. Technologies like urban planners help design a sustainable environment to develop a city with the given resources.
There should be a systematic segregation of residential from commercial areas in a smart city. Residential spaces should ideally be peaceful with selected recreational areas. Commercial spaces consisting of markets and other public spaces for community interaction must be at a distance from the main residences for noise and crowd purposes. The same rule goes for industrial and corporate areas. There should be considerations to expand the city if needed.
The physical layout should clearly identify the designs of buildings, with passages for roads and drainage pipes. There should be no intersection that creates obstacles in the smooth movement of transports, and goods. Sewage and waste treatment plants should be strategically situated away from residential areas. Public transport facilities are important resources that should be provisioned for the public in an efficient manner. There should be fixed schedules and routes with a good management system for the same. Keeping in mind the technological needs of the people and the structure of the smart city, resources for internet and mobile communication networks are vital.
It also becomes important in the present environmental scenario to take care of the natural environment of air, water, plants and animals. Technologies can help create smart solutions for maintaining environmental checks. The primary concern should be the welfare of the indigenous public and incoming masses for a comfortable residence. The comfort of citizens can be tracked by taking in opinion polls and suggestions by the people for their benefits.